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Publication details

F. Galli, K. Jung, S. Biswas, C. Palamidessi, T. Cucinotta. "Advancing Personalized Federated Learning: Group Privacy, Fairness, and Beyond," Springer Nature Computer Science, September 2023

Abstract

Federated learning (FL) is a framework for training machine learning models in a distributed and collaborative manner. During training, a set of participating clients process their data stored locally, sharing only updates of the statistical model’s parameters obtained by minimizing a cost function over their local inputs. FL was proposed as a stepping-stone towards privacy-preserving machine learn- ing, but it has been shown to expose clients to issues such as leakage of private information, lack of personalization of the model, and the possibility of having a trained model that is fairer to some groups of clients than to others. In this paper, the focus is on addressing the triadic interaction among personalization, privacy guarantees, and fairness attained by trained models within the FL framework. Differential privacy and its variants have been studied and applied as cutting- edge standards for providing formal privacy guarantees. However, clients in FL often hold very diverse datasets representing heterogeneous communities, making it important to protect their sensitive and personal information while still ensur- ing that the trained model upholds the aspect of fairness for the users. To attain this objective, a method is put forth that introduces group privacy assurances through the utilization of d -privacy (aka metric privacy). d -privacy represents a localized form of differential privacy that relies on a metric-oriented obfuscation approach to maintain the original data’s topological distribution. This method, besides enabling personalized model training in a federated approach and pro- viding formal privacy guarantees, possesses significantly better group fairness measured under a variety of standard metrics than a global model trained within a classical FL template. Theoretical justifications for the applicability are pro- vided, as well as experimental validation on real-world datasets to illustrate the working of the proposed method.

Open Access.

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DOI: 10.1007/s42979-023-02292-0

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Main page Research activities Publications Talks MSc thesis projects Courses Mentoring Hobby and spare time Write me Last updated on
28 October 2023